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The actions are sourced from the report Quantifying the potential for climate change mitigation of consumption options¹ and covers actions with high climate mitigation potential. The basis for the scenarios are the Sustainable Consumption Index (SCI) and the Transactional Environmental Impact Calculations by Doconomy (the Åland Index). This means that the scenarios are built on spend based emission calculations and available transactional data, and the connected potential impact mitigation relates only to this.

1. The scenario BEV considers a shift in consumption from purchasing petrol and diesel, to purchasing electricity as a fuel. Vehicle purchase and installation of charging stations is not considered. Only diesel and petrol fueled vehicles have been considered (excluding already renewable fuelled vehicles). The difference in fuel cost was taken into account, as well as the Swedish electricity grid mix.

2. For One less flight (long return) per person, data for all international departures in Sweden 2022 were divided with the total population to achieve an estimate of average number of long return flights per capita. One flight was deducted from that average and associated emissions calculated.

3. Emissions associated with Sweden's current electricity grid mix and for electricity produced solely with renewables were considered in the Renewable Electricity scenario. For the current level of renewables, the distribution of renewable electricity in households was used.

4. Shift to public transport is modeled as a shift in consumption from purchasing car fuel, to purchases related to public transportation. The difference in cost between car fuel and public transport was taken into account. As public transport is not an option everywhere, the shift was limited to the percentage of paid workers in Sweden having good access to public transportation according to Trafikverket.

5. As second hand stores do not produce any new products, the Second Hand scenario is modeled by removing all emissions related to the Greenhouse Gas protocols definition of scope 3 upstream (e.g. production of goods).The cost difference between new and second hand items has been taken into account.

6. Vegan Diet is modeled using external data to understand the relation between different dietary preferences, and redistribute associated emissions thereafter. The current distribution of diets in Sweden have been considered.

7. Carpooling is modeled as a decrease of transactions for gas & fuel. Increased usage of car-pool/sharing services has been shown to reduce driving distance, assuming that the reduction in driving distance corresponds to a similar reduction in transactions for fuel. The definition of carpooling/sharing services suggested by the Swedish Government in 2020 has been used. To show the potential of this type of service, it’s assumed that the full population joined a car-pooling/sharing service.

¹ Diana Ivanova et al 2020 Environ. Quantifying the potential for climate change mitigation of consumption options. Res. Lett. 15 093001. Available at